Big Five Personality Traits
Introduction
Personality researchers have proposed that there are five basic dimensions of personality.The "big five" are broad categories of personality traits. While there is a significant body of literature supporting this five-factor model of personality, researchers don't always agree the exact labels of each dimension. However, these five categories are usually described as follows:
Big Five
Extraversion:
  • Extraverts have high energy, talkative, active and upbeat; they seek excitement and social affiliation.
  • Extravert individuals are characterized as outgoing and talkative, but they may have difficulty utilizing technology to coordinate team efforts.
  • Easiest to judge in zero acquaintance situations — situations in which two people have only just met.
  • Prioritize status striving, which reflects a strong desire to obtain power and influence within a social structure as a means of expressing personality.
  • Tend to be high in what’s called positive affectivity — a dispositional tendency to experience pleasant, engaging moods such as enthusiasm, excitement, and elation.

Agreeableness:

  • Agreeable individuals will focus more on cooperation than competition with others in the team.
  • They are likely to be concerned with individuals’ well-being and developmental needs.
  • Because of their trustworthiness, they may be seen as role models.
  • Prioritize communion striving, which reflects a strong desire to obtain acceptance in personal relationships as a means of expressing personality.
  • Agreeable people focus on “getting along,” not necessarily “getting ahead.”

Conscientiousness:

  • These individuals demonstrate caution and self-discipline as well as showing hard work and a strong sense of direction.
  • The reliable and thorough behaviors of those high in conscientiousness are also likely to cause them to be persistent even when encountering technological difficulties
  • Conscientiousness has the biggest influence on job performance.
  • Conscientious employees prioritize accomplishment striving, which reflects a strong desire to accomplish task-related goals as a means of expressing personality.

Neuroticism:

  • These individuals experience negative feelings such as anger, anxiety, guilt, sadness, and vulnerability.
  • Neurotic individuals are less likely to be perceived as leaders by others.
  • Synonymous with negative affectivity —a dispositional tendency to experience unpleasant moods such as hostility, nervousness, and annoyance.
  • Associated with a differential exposure to stressors, meaning that neurotic people are more likely to appraise day-to-day situations as stressful.
  • Associated with a differential reactivity to stressors, meaning that neurotic people are less likely to believe they can cope with the stressors that they experience.
  • Neuroticism is also strongly related to locus of control, which reflects whether people attribute the causes of events to themselves or to the external environment.

Openness to experience:

  • These individuals are creative and imaginative, appreciative of arts and culture, and are intellectually curious.
  • These group is controversial and least understood
  • Also called “Inquisitiveness” or “Intellectualness” or even “Culture.”
  • Openness to experience is also more likely to be valuable in jobs that require high levels of creativity, defined as the capacity to generate novel and useful ideas and solutions.
  • Highly open individuals are more likely to migrate into artistic and scientific fields.

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